Scientific Analysis of Karmapa Thangka

We are using science to analyze an 18th century Tibetan thangka painting


Detail of late 18th century painting of 13th Karmapa Dudul Dorje

monitor and Karmapa

Infrared image of painting



Raman Spectroscopy, and Ultraviolet, Infrared and Transmitted Light are used by Prof. Christa Brosseau of Saint Mary’s University Chemistry Department, with Art Conservator Ann Shaftel


face on monitor





Is this painting all original, or have some details   been changed over the years?

What do you think?????